Suffolk County Community College

 

PSY-210  Lifespan Psychology                                            Prof. R. Morse                                      

 

Berger 8th Ed. Ch 22 Practice Questions

 

The Multiple Choice questions that follow are taken from a Test Bank developed by Kathleen Stassen Berger, the author of our textbook.  The answers to these questions can be obtained by sending me an e-mail with your proposed answer key.  Some of these questions will appear on your Final exam.

1.

The theorist who put forward the notion that individuals continue to develop well into adulthood was:

 

A)

Freud.

 

B)

Erikson.

 

C)

Skinner.

 

D)

Vygotsky.

 

2.

Most developmental theorists today believe that:

 

A)

stages of adult development are not entirely orderly and predictable.

 

B)

adulthood is divided into a specific sequence of stages.

 

C)

intimacy always precedes generativity.

 

D)

generativity cannot appear before the age of 40.

 

3.

Although Erikson's stages of psychosocial development are sequential, the search for identity that begins in the stage of identity versus role diffusion:

 

A)

is ongoing.

 

B)

overlaps with the stage of intimacy versus isolation and ends there.

 

C)

ends with generativity versus stagnation.

 

D)

comes to fruition only at the stage of identity versus despair.

 

4.

Susan's grandmother, at age 80, is in the final stage of adulthood, namely:

 

A)

identity versus role confusion.

 

B)

industry versus inferiority.

 

C)

generativity versus stagnation.

 

D)

integrity versus despair.

 

5.

Which of the following stages is the third developmental level in Maslow's hierarchy of needs?

 

A)

love and belonging

 

B)

self-actualization

 

C)

safety

 

D)

success and esteem

 

6.

Which statement most accurately depicts middle age?

 

A)

It is a time of severe emotional crisis.

 

B)

There are very few changes at midlife.

 

C)

Changes do not necessarily cluster around age 40.

 

D)

It always begins at age 40.

 

7.

Which of the following personality traits is one of the Big Five?

 

A)

openness

 

B)

generativity

 

C)

intraversion

 

D)

selflessness

 

8.

Sam is moody, anxious, and self-punishing. Sam is high in:

 

A)

openness.

 

B)

extroversion.

 

C)

conscientiousness.

 

D)

neuroticism.

 

9.

Matilda is usually a kind, helpful, and easygoing person. She is high on which of the Big Five traits?

 

A)

agreeableness

 

B)

neuroticism

 

C)

openness

 

D)

conscientiousness

 

10.

Which of the following personality traits tends to increase with age?

 

A)

extroversion

 

B)

openness

 

C)

agreeableness

 

D)

neuroticism

 

11.

As adults age, their friendships tend to:

 

A)

dissipate.

 

B)

fade.

 

C)

stagnate.

 

D)

improve.

 

12.

What has the Internet done for friendships and for consequential strangers?

 

A)

strengthened friendships; decreased the number of consequential strangers

 

B)

weakened friendships; decreased the number of consequential strangers

 

C)

weakened friendships; increased the number of consequential strangers

 

D)

strengthened friendships; increased the number of consequential strangers

 

13.

Typically, the relationship between middle-aged adults and their parents:

 

A)

stays about the same.

 

B)

improves for men but not for women.

 

C)

worsens with age.

 

D)

improves with age.

 

14.

When Rob graduated from college, he found a good job, a nice apartment, and made new friends. Now, three years later, his company went bankrupt and he moved back into his parents' home. We can expect their relationship to:

 

A)

remain as it always has.

 

B)

worsen.

 

C)

strengthen.

 

D)

proceed on equal grounds.

 

15.

Familism may be defined as the:

 

A)

belief that family members take care of each other.

 

B)

notion that families must encourage independence.

 

C)

belief that familiarity precedes family bond.

 

D)

notion that families should all live together for economic reasons.

 

 

16.

Individuals who are accepted in a family that is not their legal or biological family are:

 

A)

fictive kin.

 

B)

kissing cousins.

 

C)

social convoys.

 

D)

generative allies.

 

 

17.

In every nation, which couples are more likely to divorce?

 

A)

couples in urban areas

 

B)

couples in suburban areas

 

C)

couples in large cities

 

D)

couples in rural areas

 

 

18.

Manuel and Rosa have been married for nearly 30 years. Their youngest child left home six months ago. The quality of their marriage should:

 

A)

remain constant, no different than earlier years.

 

B)

worsen since there are no children to act as buffers.

 

C)

improve since they have more time to spend together.

 

D)

be tumultuous since they had grown apart over the years.

 

19.

According to the most current U.S. Census, the percentage of households in the United States that are headed by a same-sex couple is:

 

A)

5.

 

B)

.7.

 

C)

.5.

 

D)

7.

 

20.

What proportion of all first marriages end in divorce?

 

A)

one-third

 

B)

two-thirds

 

C)

one-eighth

 

D)

three-quarters

 

21.

Divorce is most likely to occur within the first ______ years of a wedding.

 

A)

10

 

B)

5

 

C)

2

 

D)

1

 

22.

Half of cohabitation relationships end in what period of time?

 

A)

within the first year

 

B)

within 2 years

 

C)

after 5 years

 

D)

after 8 years

 

23.

Regarding remarriage in the United States:

 

A)

most people remarry within two years of a divorce.

 

B)

remarriage is more likely after 40.

 

C)

about 25 percent of marriages are remarriages for one or both of the spouses.

 

D)

men are more likely to remarry than are women.

 

24.

Research indicates that remarried people:

 

A)

are unlikely to divorce.

 

B)

report higher average happiness than do people in first marriages.

 

C)

have a greater chance of divorce than do people in first marriages.

 

D)

are worse off financially than when they lived alone.

 

25.

According to Erikson, when individuals are productive in an unselfish and caring way, they are demonstrating:

 

A)

autonomy.

 

B)

generativity.

 

C)

diffusion.

 

D)

altruism.

 

26.

The person who is most likely to become a kinkeeper is a:

 

A)

daughter.

 

B)

son.

 

C)

daughter-in-law.

 

D)

granddaughter.

 

27.

Because they are called on to help both older and younger generations of the family, middle-aged adults have been called the:

 

A)

midlife generation.

 

B)

family caregivers.

 

C)

divided group.

 

D)

sandwich generation.

 

28.

Which of the following conditions do older employees tend to display?

 

A)

less absenteeism

 

B)

more lateness

 

C)

less job commitment

 

D)

more absenteeism

 

29.

Between the ages of 25 and 42, the average worker in the United States has ______ separate employers.

 

A)

10

 

B)

2

 

C)

5

 

D)

7

 

30.

What percentage of children are born to unmarried parents?

 

A)

40

 

B)

60

 

C)

80

 

D)

20