Suffolk County Community College

 

PSY-210  Lifespan Psychology                                            Prof. R. Morse                                      

 

Berger 8th Ed. Ch 20 Practice Questions

 

The Multiple Choice questions that follow are taken from a Test Bank developed by Kathleen Stassen Berger, the author of our textbook.  The answers to these questions can be obtained by sending me an e-mail with your proposed answer key.  Some of these questions will appear on your Final exam.

1.

Aunt Judith is playing cards with her group of friends. They are all at least 60 years of age. What characteristic of senescence do they all have in common?

 

A)

They are still able to drive.

 

B)

Their faces are wrinkled.

 

C)

They wear hearing aids.

 

D)

They are nearsighted.

 

2.

At a recent physical exam, Janet was told that she is an inch shorter than she was five years ago at age 50. What could cause her decrease in height?

 

A)

hereditary height shrinkage

 

B)

lack of calcium in her diet

 

C)

natural collapse of vertebrae in the spine

 

D)

effects of medication

 

3.

Nearsightedness begins to increase gradually in the decade between the ages of _____ and _____.

 

A)

10; 20

 

B)

20; 30

 

C)

30; 40

 

D)

40; 50

 

4.

Joanna, at adulthood, is finding that the size of newspaper print is getting smaller. To compensate, she holds the paper farther away from her eyes than when she was younger. What is a more likely explanation for her need to move the paper?

 

A)

She has grown farsighted.

 

B)

She has grown nearsighted.

 

C)

She suffers from presbycusis.

 

D)

She suffers from dementia.

 

5.

Harry is 65 years old and can hear well enough to understand a whisper spoken three feet away. In a sample of 65-year-old men, Harry would be:

 

A)

an exception to the rule.

 

B)

somewhat unusual.

 

C)

slightly worse than average.

 

D)

about average.

 

6.

To increase her sexual desire following menopause, Janie has begun:

 

A)

yoga classes.

 

B)

increasing her intake of fruits and vegetables along with exercising.

 

C)

using hormone replacement therapy.

 

D)

taking testosterone supplements.

 

7.

Diseases and chronic conditions associated with aging:

 

A)

are inevitable, regardless of lifestyle.

 

B)

may be slightly modified by lifestyle.

 

C)

may have delayed onset due to lifestyle.

 

D)

may be strongly affected by lifestyle.

 

8.

All smoking diseases are:

 

A)

dose and duration sensitive.

 

B)

decreasing worldwide.

 

C)

destructive only to the lungs and respiratory system.

 

D)

less likely to affect African Americans.

 

9.

Research studies on alcohol use have shown that:

 

A)

alcohol use of any kind is dangerous to health.

 

B)

alcohol raises levels of “bad” cholesterol.

 

C)

moderate use of alcohol may increase longevity.

 

D)

alcohol abuse and dependence are most common in adolescence.

 

 

10.

As Tom helped himself to a fourth beer, he announced to everyone at the barbecue that alcohol is healthy in moderation. How does the text define "moderation"?

 

A)

no more than three glasses of wine, three beers, or three shots of spirits per week

 

B)

no more than one drink of moderate size per day

 

C)

no more than two drinks of moderate size per day

 

D)

no more than three drinks of moderate size per day

 

11.

Jim, who was 60, couldn't understand why he kept slowly gaining weight. He wasn't eating any more than usual and he maintained his regular exercise routine. What explains his weight gain?

 

A)

His metabolism slowed down by a third between emerging and late adulthood.

 

B)

His intake of water was insufficient, so it was water weight gain.

 

C)

He really wasn't gaining weight; his height was decreasing.

 

D)

His medication increased his appetite though he wasn't aware of it.

 

12.

In middle adulthood, an individual is considered obese who:

 

A)

snacks several times a day.

 

B)

consumes foods that are high in cholesterol.

 

C)

has a BMI of 30 or more.

 

D)

diets often, but always gains back some weight.

 

13.

If a person loses weight, the best predictor of whether or not the person will be able to maintain the weight loss is whether the person exercises ______ daily.

 

A)

2 hours

 

B)

1 hour

 

C)

30 minutes

 

D)

3 hours

 

14.

What is one crucial factor for success when trying to break a habit?

 

A)

social support

 

B)

trying to tackle more than one habit at a time

 

C)

breaking the habit on your own

 

D)

not telling anyone of the date or the plan for change

 

15.

Effectively coping with stress may:

 

A)

strengthen the immune system.

 

B)

lead to poor health.

 

C)

decrease resilience.

 

D)

make people feel less effective.

 

16.

The mortality rate refers to the number of deaths each year per ______ members of a given population.

 

A)

100

 

B)

1000

 

C)

2000

 

D)

5000

 

17.

Throughout the world, there are more old women than old men because:

 

A)

men tend to succumb to fatal disease more often than women.

 

B)

men die at higher rates than women.

 

C)

more males die than females die at younger ages.

 

D)

men work at more dangerous jobs than do women.

 

18.

One measure of health is morbidity, which:

 

A)

is based on death certificates.

 

B)

is a person's inability to act normally.

 

C)

includes statistics on both acute and chronic illnesses.

 

D)

measures how healthy an individual feels.

 

19.

Rita has low vision yet she enthusiastically participates in many activities, including several sports. The degree of her disability is determined by:

 

A)

the severity of her visual impairment.

 

B)

her limitations in functioning.

 

C)

her need for assistance.

 

D)

her ophthalmologist.

 

20.

An individual who is completely well and is enjoying perfect vitality is said to have a QALY score for the year of:

 

A)

0.

 

B)

0.5.

 

C)

1.

 

D)

100.