Suffolk County Community College

 

PSY-210  Lifespan Psychology                                            Prof. R. Morse                                      

 

Berger 8th Ed. Ch 19 Practice Questions

 

The Multiple Choice questions that follow are taken from a Test Bank developed by Kathleen Stassen Berger, the author of our textbook.  The answers to these questions can be obtained by sending me an e-mail with your proposed answer key.  Some of these questions will appear on your Final exam.

1.

According to Erikson, young adults first face which of the following crises?

 

A)

generativity vs. stagnation

 

B)

love vs. work

 

C)

identity vs. role confusion

 

D)

intimacy vs. isolation

 

2.

According to Erikson, the stage of intimacy vs. isolation:

 

A)

is followed by the search for identity.

 

B)

is characterized by a need for generativity.

 

C)

involves the need to share one's personal life with someone else.

 

D)

occurs only if one avoids stagnation.

 

3.

During adulthood, intimacy:

 

A)

stems from a need for self-protection.

 

B)

is found primarily in friendship and sexual partnership.

 

C)

is limited to lovers and spouses.

 

D)

requires little personal sacrifice.

 

4.

What is typical of the rate at which emerging adults form new friendships?

 

A)

They make fewer friends at this time than later in life.

 

B)

They make fewer friends than they did earlier in life.

 

C)

They keep the same friends they have had since childhood.

 

D)

They make more friends than they will later in life.

 

5.

Jessica is 21 years old. How is her circle of friends likely to differ from that of her mother when she was Jessica's age?

 

A)

Jessica's circle of friends is more likely to include both males and females.

 

B)

Jessica's circle of friends is likely to be much smaller than her mother's.

 

C)

Jessica's friendships are more likely to be based on superficial values than were her mother's.

 

D)

Jessica's circle of friends is more likely to dissipate once she gets married.

 

6.

Friendships between men are less intimate than those between women because:

 

A)

men are more hesitant to express their vulnerabilities.

 

B)

from childhood on, boys are more verbal and less active.

 

C)

women have strong fears of homophobia.

 

D)

men never show affection for each other.

 

7.

Cross-sex friendships result in problems when:

 

A)

the male and female meet each others' needs.

 

B)

females offer advice to males.

 

C)

males offer sympathy to females.

 

D)

outsiders assume the relationship is sexual.

 

8.

Which of the following statements about the qualities young adults seek from a romantic partner is true?

 

A)

Culture greatly affects the qualities sought by individuals.

 

B)

European American men and women differ greatly in the qualities they seek.

 

C)

The qualities sought by men are the same across cultures.

 

D)

Wealth ranks highly for women across cultures.

 

9.

George and Emily are newly engaged to be married. The component of love that is probably most intense at this time is:

 

A)

commitment.

 

B)

passion.

 

C)

intimacy.

 

D)

dependence.

 

10.

Which characteristic is associated with passionate love?

 

A)

a stable personality

 

B)

honesty about oneself

 

C)

a new relationship

 

D)

trust over the years

 

11.

Which of the following lists states Sternberg's three dimensions of love in the order in which they generally develop in a relationship?

 

A)

commitment, intimacy, passion

 

B)

passion, commitment, intimacy

 

C)

intimacy, passion, commitment

 

D)

passion, intimacy, commitment

 

12.

According to Sternberg, passion and commitment without intimacy result in:

 

A)

infatuation.

 

B)

empty love.

 

C)

romantic love.

 

D)

fatuous love.

 

13.

Clara and Gus have been married for 55 years. They share deep intimacy and commitment but are no longer passionate. According to Sternberg, their love is now:

 

A)

fatuous.

 

B)

empty.

 

C)

companionate.

 

D)

consummate.

 

14.

Generally, cohabitating young adults:

 

A)

do not intend to marry.

 

B)

are happier and healthier than married couples.

 

C)

have stronger marriages if they marry than do noncohabitating couples if they marry.

 

D)

are more likely to experience physical abuse in the relationship than are married couples.

 

15.

Which of the following statements about couples who cohabit before they are married is true?

 

A)

They are less likely to experience domestic violence.

 

B)

They are more likely to divorce if they marry.

 

C)

They are more likely to engage in extramarital affairs.

 

D)

They are less likely to divorce.

 

16.

How many emerging adults in the United States, Canada, northern Europe, England, and Australia cohabit during emerging adulthood?

 

A)

almost all

 

B)

about half

 

C)

nearly one-third

 

D)

about 17 percent

 

17.

A study of adults in 17 nations found that compared to married couples, cohabitants were:

 

A)

happier.

 

B)

more satisfied with all aspects of their relationship.

 

C)

more healthy.

 

D)

less satisfied.

 

18.

Which change has occurred over the past several decades in virtually every industrialized nation?

 

A)

People are marrying younger and younger.

 

B)

Divorce rates are lower because cohabiting strengthens marriages.

 

C)

Adults are coming to view marriage as the sole avenue for sexual expression.

 

D)

The number of unwed parents has increased dramatically.

 

19.

Which of the following occurrences is a characteristic of situational couple violence?

 

A)

isolation of one spouse

 

B)

psychological terrorism

 

C)

increasing violence

 

D)

both partners arguing

 

20.

Which of the following occurrences is a result of intimate terrorism?

 

A)

common couple violence

 

B)

violence on the part of both spouses

 

C)

battered-wife syndrome

 

D)

deceleration of violence with age

 

21.

What percentage of all emerging adults have said that they receive money from their parents in addition to food, medical care, tuition, and other support?

 

A)

10

 

B)

35

 

C)

50

 

D)

80

 

22.

What is enmeshment?

 

A)

parents never knowing what their emerging-adult children are doing or thinking

 

B)

emerging-adult children always knowing what their parents are doing or thinking

 

C)

emerging-adult children never knowing what their parents are doing or thinking

 

D)

parents always knowing what their emerging-adult children are doing or thinking