Suffolk County Community College

 

PSY-210  Lifespan Psychology                                            Prof. R. Morse                                      

 

Berger 8th Ed. Ch 16 Practice Questions

 

The Multiple Choice questions that follow are taken from a Test Bank developed by Kathleen Stassen Berger, the author of our textbook.  The answers to these questions can be obtained by sending me an e-mail with your proposed answer key.  Some of these questions will appear on your Final exam.

 

 

1.

Identity refers to:

 

A)

all of the possible selves that an individual tries out.

 

B)

the group of peers with whom an individual spends time.

 

C)

a set of behaviors adopted to please others.

 

D)

a consistent definition of the self as a unique individual.

 

2.

Mary is an adolescent. According to Erikson, her new identity will be established by choosing:

 

A)

an appropriate adult “hero figure.”

 

B)

values and goals opposite to the destructive identities of music stars.

 

C)

some parental and societal values and abandoning others.

 

D)

one sexual, political, and vocational role and sticking with it, regardless of the consequences.

 

3.

Seventeen-year-old Andrew failed several classes, lost his job, and spends most of his time sleeping on the couch. When his parents voiced their disapproval, he replied, “Whatever.” Andrew's response indicates identity:

 

A)

diffusion.

 

B)

achievement.

 

C)

foreclosure.

 

D)

moratorium.

 

4.

Barrett is serving a 2-year mission for his church at the age of 19. When he returns home from his mission assignment, he will decide whether or not to attend college and will make decisions about career and family. Barrett is currently experiencing the identity status of:

 

A)

foreclosure.

 

B)

moratorium.

 

C)

diffusion.

 

D)

achievement.

 

5.

Harold readily adopted his parent's religious faith without question. Happy and secure, he enjoys participating in religious events with his parents. His identity status reflects:

 

A)

diffusion.

 

B)

achievement.

 

C)

foreclosure.

 

D)

moratorium.

 

6.

Sexual self-definition is comprised of three aspects:

 

A)

possible self, gender self, and sexual self.

 

B)

patterns of behavior, patterns of thoughts, and patterns of intimacy.

 

C)

gender identity, gender role, and sexual orientation.

 

D)

values, expression, and societal expectations.

 

7.

Enrique strongly believes that males should always be the ones to ask females out on dates. He believes that if a man accepts an invitation for a date from a girl it makes him a sissy. This is an expression of Enrique's:

 

A)

sex.

 

B)

gender identity.

 

C)

sexual orientation.

 

D)

gender.

 

8.

Which of the following statements regarding ethnic identity is true?

 

A)

Adolescents who belong to an ethnic minority are likely to establish a clear sense of their own roots very quickly.

 

B)

Most adolescents of ethnic minorities choose to blend in with the ethnic majority rather than establish their own identity.

 

C)

A child who belongs to an ethnic minority usually begins to establish an ethnic identity in adolescence and is likely to continue to explore the implications of this identity for many more years.

 

D)

Adolescents who develop a strong sense of their own ethnic identity are likely to be in conflict with members of other ethnic identities.

 

9.

Which type of parenting is most effective during adolescence?

 

A)

authoritative

 

B)

neglectful

 

C)

authoritarian

 

D)

permissive

 

10.

Eva is about to become a teenage mother. Based on recent research, she and her child will better handle the situation if her parents:

 

A)

assume care for Eva and her child.

 

B)

adopt Eva's child and raise the child as their own.

 

C)

encourage Eva to move out of the house to raise her baby alone.

 

D)

are supportive but do not assume complete care for her child.

 

11.

Abbie is aware of where her son is whenever he goes out, and she requires him to call if there is any change in plans. Abbie is demonstrating:

 

A)

position control.

 

B)

foreclosure for her son.

 

C)

parental monitoring.

 

D)

negative control.

 

12.

Michelle's parents were permissive throughout her childhood. Now that Michelle is an adolescent, they are trying to exert control over her. What is likely to be the outcome of this scenario?

 

A)

Michelle will be appreciative of the fact that her parents finally seem concerned about her.

 

B)

Michelle is likely to be very independent and have a strong sense of self-esteem.

 

C)

Michelle will likely turn to other adults for support.

 

D)

Michelle is likely to be angry and defiant.

 

13.

Chris typically can be found with his group of close friends on the gym steps at lunchtime. He is socializing in a:

 

A)

clique.

 

B)

cluster.

 

C)

crowd.

 

D)

crew.

 

14.

Each morning Jessica carefully selects the clothes she will wear to school that day. Though she values academics, because she does not want to be identified as a nerd she wears current trends. She is trying to fit in with the:

 

A)

clique.

 

B)

cluster.

 

C)

crowd.

 

D)

crew.

 

15.

Isaac and Derek persuaded Robert to cut school with them, engage in petty theft, and steal alcohol from his parents. They were engaging Robert in:

 

A)

criminal coaching.

 

B)

deviancy training.

 

C)

delinquent apprenticeship.

 

D)

offender initiation.

 

16.

At age 17, Jeff aspired to become a serious musician. His group of friends began to change as he made more friends with serious musical interests and drifted away from friends with other interests. He is exhibiting peer:

 

A)

exclusion.

 

B)

facilitation.

 

C)

selection.

 

D)

focus.

 

17.

Although adults may worry about close relationships that adolescents may have with the opposite sex or even with the same sex, an important value of close relationships in adolescence is that they:

 

A)

form lasting pairings that forever remain loyal.

 

B)

help establish identity and deal with cliques and crowds.

 

C)

assist with preparing for career goals and independence.

 

D)

reduce deviancy and uphold parental values.

 

18.

In comparison with heterosexual attachments, romantic same-sex attachments tend to happen at:

 

A)

a slightly earlier age.

 

B)

a much earlier age.

 

C)

a later age.

 

D)

the same age.

 

19.

Rates of teenage pregnancy in most European nations are less than half of those in the United States because:

 

A)

most European school curriculums begin sex education in elementary school and by middle school teach sexual responsibility.

 

B)

European teenagers live at home under parental supervision longer.

 

C)

American parents are too permissive.

 

D)

European teens are not as interested in sex as U.S. teens.

 

20.

The abstinence-only sex-education program that was widely promoted in the United States in 1998 resulted in:

 

A)

a dramatic reduction in sexual activity by teenagers.

 

B)

a reduced incidence of sexual activity by teenagers.

 

C)

no significant impact on sexual activity by teenagers.

 

D)

increased sexual activity by teenagers.

 

21.

In general, as children become adolescents, their feelings of competence:

 

A)

rise.

 

B)

decline.

 

C)

rise then decline.

 

D)

remain stable.

 

22.

Elyse broke up with her boyfriend after a fight. She has spent the last week repeatedly going over the fight in her mind, which has caused her to sink into depression. Her continual reliving the fight is known as:

 

A)

reminiscence.

 

B)

rumination.

 

C)

obsession.

 

D)

fixation.

 

23.

Parasuicide refers to:

 

A)

any self-destructive behavior.

 

B)

the serious consideration of suicide as an option.

 

C)

a deliberate act of self-destruction that does not end in death.

 

D)

assisting someone else in the act of suicide.

 

24.

Identify the accurate statement about adolescent suicide.

 

A)

The adolescent suicide rate is about twice that of adults.

 

B)

The adolescent rate in 2006 was double what it was in 1962.

 

C)

Almost all teens who seriously consider suicide attempt suicide.

 

D)

The present adolescent suicide rate is about 1 in 500 each year.

 

25.

Suicidal ideation is more common in _______ than in _______.

 

A)

boys; girls.

 

B)

older adolescents; younger adolescents.

 

C)

girls; boys.

 

D)

adults; adolescents.

 

26.

Arrest statistics do not accurately reflect the prevalence of adolescent delinquency because:

 

A)

older criminals lie about their age.

 

B)

many offenders are never caught.

 

C)

more juvenile offenses lead to arrest than do adult crimes.

 

D)

police exaggerate juvenile crimes.

 

27.

Heavy drinking impairs memory and self-control by:

 

A)

damaging the hippocampus and prefrontal cortex.

 

B)

damaging heart and lungs.

 

C)

increasing blood pressure.

 

D)

None of the answers is correct.