Suffolk County Community College

 

PSY-210  Lifespan Psychology                                            Prof. R. Morse                                      

 

Berger 8th Ed. Ch 15 Practice Questions

 

The Multiple Choice questions that follow are taken from a Test Bank developed by Kathleen Stassen Berger, the author of our textbook.  The answers to these questions can be obtained by sending me an e-mail with your proposed answer key.  Some of these questions will appear on your Final exam.

 

 

1.

A characteristic of adolescent egocentrism is:

 

A)

the belief that all people think the same thoughts.

 

B)

the controlling of the id and the superego by the ego.

 

C)

the belief that one's emotional experiences are misunderstood by others.

 

D)

an attempt to live up to the standards of society.

 

2.

A 15-year-old girl realizes that the dress she has worn to school has a small stain on it. Her belief that everyone will notice it is an example of:

 

A)

the personal fable.

 

B)

adolescent egocentrism.

 

C)

clothes consciousness.

 

D)

school phobia.

 

3.

An adolescent's statement, “ But, Mother, you just don't understand; nobody understands!” indicates:

 

A)

formal operational thought.

 

B)

poor person-environment fit.

 

C)

belief in the imaginary audience.

 

D)

adolescent egocentrism.

 

4.

The difference between the egocentrism of adolescents and that of preoperational children is:

 

A)

negligible.

 

B)

a well-developed theory of mind in adolescence.

 

C)

a focus on others by preoperational children and a focus on self by adolescents.

 

D)

preoperational children believe that they have an imaginary audience that includes imaginary friends.

 

5.

Sixteen-year-old Paul drinks heavily and drives dangerously fast, believing that he cannot be hurt. Paul is demonstrating:

 

A)

the personal fable.

 

B)

deductive reasoning.

 

C)

self-awareness.

 

D)

the invincibility fable.

 

6.

The term imaginary audience refers to adolescents':

 

A)

ability to understand how others perceive them.

 

B)

false belief that everyone is constantly attending to their behavior and appearance.

 

C)

constant posing and posturing before mirrors.

 

D)

belief that others spy on them.

 

7.

When adolescents fantasize about how others will react to their new hairstyle, they are creating a(n):

 

A)

personal fable.

 

B)

abstract audience.

 

C)

personal identity.

 

D)

imaginary audience.

 

8.

Piaget called the reasoning that characterizes adolescence:

 

A)

formal operational thought.

 

B)

the game of thinking.

 

C)

metacognition.

 

D)

concrete operational thinking.

 

9.

When Piaget and Inhelder asked children of different ages to balance a scale using several different weights, they found that:

 

A)

very young children tended to use logical deduction.

 

B)

7-year-old children tended to use spatial relationships.

 

C)

by age 10, children tended to use trial-and-error strategies.

 

D)

adolescents failed to see the complexities of the problem.

 

10.

One of the most prominent aspects of adolescent thought is the ability to:

 

A)

reject adult thoughts and values.

 

B)

think in terms of possibilities.

 

C)

take another person's point of view.

 

D)

use practical problem-solving skills.

 

11.

Adolescents apply formal logic:

 

A)

in all situations.

 

B)

in very few situations.

 

C)

only when encouraged to do so.

 

D)

in some situations but not in others.

 

12.

Research has suggested that two distinct pathways for thinking exist in the brain: one processes emotional thought while the other processes analytic thought. These two pathways make up the:

 

A)

bifurcated processor.

 

B)

dual-process model.

 

C)

split brain.

 

D)

neural duplet.

 

13.

Fifteen-year-old Rebecca still has a 10:00 p.m. curfew. She is asking her parents to extend her curfew on the weekends to 11:00 p.m. When her parents ask her why she thinks her curfew should be changed, Rebecca replies, “Because I am older now, and I've never been late for my 10:00 p.m. curfew. I think you can trust me, so can we at least give it a try?” This is an example of what kind of thinking?

 

A)

concrete

 

B)

intuitive

 

C)

emotional

 

D)

analytical

 

14.

Klaczynski's research found that logical thinking improved with age and education, but not with:

 

A)

life experiences.

 

B)

practice of formal thinking.

 

C)

measurements on intelligence tests (IQ).

 

D)

parent involvement.

 

15.

Bill spends hundreds of dollars a month buying lottery tickets hoping to get rich because he barely earns minimum wage. Bill is aware that the odds of winning any amount in the lottery are 1 in 7 million. Bill is guilty of:

 

A)

base rate neglect.

 

B)

magical thinking.

 

C)

economy of thought.

 

D)

sunk cost fallacy.

 

16.

Most adolescents know that smoking is harmful to their health. Why might they take up smoking in spite of this knowledge?

 

A)

They are guilty of the sunk cost fallacy.

 

B)

Logic does not always “feel right.”

 

C)

They want to rebel against their parents.

 

D)

It will gain them acceptance into a peer group.

 

17.

Researchers found that most adolescents felt close to God and that they:

 

A)

did not believe in heaven and hell.

 

B)

affirmed the same religion as their parents.

 

C)

were in religious cults.

 

D)

expressed their commitment to religion through devil worship.

 

18.

Whether adolescents stay in school or drop out is strongly influenced by their:

 

A)

need for employment.

 

B)

level of intelligence.

 

C)

experience in middle school.

 

D)

hormonal shifts.

 

19.

Since learning ebbs and behavioral problems tend to occur during the middle school years, many:

 

A)

teachers feel ineffective.

 

B)

students feel empowered.

 

C)

parents avoid school functions.

 

D)

adolescents drop out.

 

20.

According to research conducted in 2005, which of the following students is most likely to be admired during middle school?

 

A)

Allie, who is a straight A student

 

B)

Lloyd, who attends school regularly but fails most of his classes

 

C)

Louise, who uses marijuana and frequently finds herself in physical fights

 

D)

Chong, who is conscientious and friendly

 

21.

In an experiment conducted with 10- to 18-year-old students from low-income families, what happened when the students were provided with free Internet access?

 

A)

The students spent more time playing video games than using the Internet to help with their school work.

 

B)

Those students who used their computers increased both their reading scores and their school grades.

 

C)

There was no change in the students' academic abilities.

 

D)

The students showed an increase in spatial ability.

 

22.

Haley will be attending her first year of middle school in the fall. According to research, she will probably experience:

 

A)

a surge of achievement.

 

B)

a new broad social network.

 

C)

many excellent teachers.

 

D)

an increase in bullying.

 

23.

A criticism of high-stakes testing is that:

 

A)

standards of learning are not raised high enough.

 

B)

it destroys learning with its focus on test scores.

 

C)

it is not conducted often enough to truly raise standards.

 

D)

it must begin in kindergarten to be effective in high school.

 

24.

According to extensive research, the ideal high school size is _______ to _______ students.

 

A)

100; 300

 

B)

200; 400

 

C)

300; 500

 

D)

400; 600

 

25.

Contributing to the poor fit between current adolescent needs and the traditional structure of high schools is:

 

A)

large school size.

 

B)

low levels of competition.

 

C)

flexible behavioral demands.

 

D)

high levels of student-adult interaction.