Suffolk County Community College

 

PSY-210  Lifespan Psychology                                            Prof. R. Morse                                      

 

Berger 8th Ed. Ch 14 Practice Questions

 

The Multiple Choice questions that follow are taken from a Test Bank developed by Kathleen Stassen Berger, the author of our textbook.  The answers to these questions can be obtained by sending me an e-mail with your proposed answer key.  Some of these questions will appear on your Final exam.

1.

The period when children's bodies become adultlike is called:

 

A)

the growth spurt.

 

B)

secondary sex development.

 

C)

puberty.

 

D)

youth.

 

2.

For boys, the event that most closely parallels menarche is the:

 

A)

growth of the penis.

 

B)

spermarche.

 

C)

first intercourse.

 

D)

discharge of enough sperm to fertilize an ovum.

 

3.

In girls, the average age for the breast bud stage is:

 

A)

10.

 

B)

12.

 

C)

13.

 

D)

15.

 

4.

The first outward sign of puberty in a typical girl is:

 

A)

a spurt in height.

 

B)

the onset of nipple growth.

 

C)

an increase in weight.

 

D)

the development of muscular strength.

 

5.

John noticed that his testes have grown larger. His next growth event will probably be:

 

A)

development of his beard.

 

B)

appearance of his pubic hair.

 

C)

his first ejaculation.

 

D)

his voice change.

 

6.

Which of the following glands receives signals directly from the hypothalamus?

 

A)

adrenals

 

B)

testes

 

C)

pituitary

 

D)

gonads

 

7.

The gland(s) producing hormones that regulate growth and also directly activate the adrenal glands is (are) the:

 

A)

pituitary.

 

B)

gonads.

 

C)

hypothalamus.

 

D)

thyroid.

 

8.

The sequence of hormone production that originates in the brain and ends with glands located atop the kidneys is known as the:

 

A)

HAG pathway.

 

B)

HAP pathway.

 

C)

HPG axis.

 

D)

HPA axis.

 

9.

Depression, anxiety, eating disorders, and ADHD may result from which of the following events?

 

A)

early onset of puberty

 

B)

excessive production of GnRH

 

C)

abnormalities in the HPA axis

 

D)

late onset of puberty

 

10.

During puberty, testosterone increases:

 

A)

in males.

 

B)

only in females.

 

C)

in both males and females.

 

D)

in neither males nor females.

 

11.

Which of the following students is most likely to fall asleep during class?

 

A)

Ariel, who is in the seventh grade

 

B)

Wilhelm, who is in the seventh grade

 

C)

Allen, who is in the tenth grade

 

D)

Rose, who is in the eighth grade

 

12.

Which of the following statements regarding the relationship between body fat and the onset of puberty is correct?

 

A)

There is no correlation between obesity and the early onset of puberty.

 

B)

There is a positive correlation between obesity and early onset of puberty.

 

C)

There is a correlation between obesity and the early onset of puberty only among Native American adolescents.

 

D)

There is a negative correlation between obesity and the early onset of puberty.

 

13.

What is the name of the hormone that is high at the onset of puberty and affects appetite, especially in girls?

 

A)

estrogen

 

B)

cortisol

 

C)

lipids

 

D)

leptin

 

14.

The adolescent who will probably find puberty most difficult is:

 

A)

Eric, an on-time maturer.

 

B)

Trisha, a late maturer.

 

C)

Hans, an early maturer.

 

D)

Katya, an early maturer.

 

15.

In the twenty-first century, early puberty positively correlates with which of the following?

 

A)

the tendency for girls to date boys younger than themselves

 

B)

the tendency for girls to enter into later, nurturing relationships

 

C)

aggression and antisocial behavior in boys

 

D)

early-maturing boys becoming leaders in their schools and community

 

16.

Josephina is obsessed with her weight, yet she will eat a whole package of Oreos in one sitting. Afterwards she will go into the bathroom and make herself vomit. Josephina is of normal weight, but she constantly has heartburn. Josephina most likely suffers from:

 

A)

anorexia nervosa.

 

B)

degenerative organ disease.

 

C)

anxiety.

 

D)

bulimia nervosa.

 

17.

Janet and Carlos are both in their growth spurt. If they are typical of their sex, compared with Carlos, Janet will:

 

A)

retain less fat.

 

B)

have a higher proportion of body fat.

 

C)

have an increase in upper body muscle.

 

D)

burn off all her baby fat.

 

18.

During puberty, boys:

 

A)

increase muscle strength by about 20 percent.

 

B)

increase muscle strength most noticeably in the legs.

 

C)

more than double their arm strength.

 

D)

decrease body fat by about 20 percent.

 

19.

Some teenagers seem able to skate, play basketball, or dance for hours without rest. This increased endurance is best explained by:

 

A)

increased hormone output.

 

B)

increases in muscle tissue.

 

C)

better digestive processes.

 

D)

the growth of the heart and lungs.

 

20.

Secondary sex characteristics are characteristics that:

 

A)

occur later in development.

 

B)

are hard to detect.

 

C)

are inside the body.

 

D)

are not directly related to reproduction.

 

21.

If a boy notices a swelling around his nipples during puberty, what is the likely cause?

 

A)

the normal fluctuation of sex hormones

 

B)

cancer

 

C)

abnormally high levels of estrogen

 

D)

drug abuse

 

22.

Once the primary sexual organs begin to function, adolescents are biologically capable of:

 

A)

reproduction.

 

B)

weight loss.

 

C)

giving blood.

 

D)

participating in contact sports.

 

23.

The number of U.S. eleventh-grade students who reported having intercourse ______ during the last decade of the twentieth century.

 

A)

rose for boys and declined for girls

 

B)

declined for both boys and girls

 

C)

increased for both boys and girls

 

D)

rose for girls but stayed the same for boys

 

24.

The younger people are when they contract an STI:

 

A)

the more likely they are to seek treatment.

 

B)

the less likely they are to alert their sexual partners.

 

C)

the lower the rate of infection.

 

D)

the less likely they are to recognize symptoms.