Suffolk County Community College

 

PSY-210  Lifespan Psychology                                            Prof. R. Morse                                      

 

Berger 8th Ed. Ch 13 Practice Questions

 

The Multiple Choice questions that follow are taken from a Test Bank developed by Kathleen Stassen Berger, the author of our textbook.  The answers to these questions can be obtained by sending me an e-mail with your proposed answer key.  Some of these questions will appear on your Final exam.

1.

Barbara is in the third grade. She spends many hours rehearsing her math skills, reading books, and collecting bugs. Even though these activities may seem boring, they are all part of Barbara's developing a healthy sense of:

 

A)

industry.

 

B)

self-control.

 

C)

autonomy.

 

D)

egocentrism.

 

2.

During the school years, self-esteem typically:

 

A)

increases.

 

B)

decreases.

 

C)

stays the same.

 

D)

fluctuates up and down.

 

3.

Because schoolchildren judge their own talents and limitations more realistically than preschoolers:

 

A)

they should decide which reading and math groups they wish to join.

 

B)

their self-confidence may suffer as they compare themselves with others.

 

C)

following a failure, they are less pessimistic about future failure.

 

D)

they are less likely to concede that they're not good at something.

 

4.

Which of the following children is most likely to have a healthy sense of self-esteem?

 

A)

Marcia, who appreciates herself but dislikes others

 

B)

Bart, who does well in school but keeps to himself because he is overweight

 

C)

Chang, who appreciates himself and other children equally

 

D)

Katlin, who has a very close group of friends who are all very similar to her

 

5.

A major coping measure that helps children and families deal with problems and stress is:

 

A)

social support.

 

B)

a stress-resilient nature.

 

C)

a naturalized mentor.

 

D)

psychological denial.

 

6.

Developing self-respect, nurturing friendships with peers, and encouraging learning are three of the:

 

A)

family structures.

 

B)

measurements of family harmony.

 

C)

functions of a family.

 

D)

suggestions for stress resilience.

 

7.

Compared with nuclear families, extended families typically:

 

A)

are more chaotic.

 

B)

involve more people.

 

C)

feature less structure.

 

D)

are better for children.

 

8.

The approximate percentage of school-age children living in a two-parent (husband and wife) family is ______ percent.

 

A)

26

 

B)

48

 

C)

56

 

D)

67

 

9.

Dimitri has been married before and has two biological children. He has just married Natasha, who has also been married before and has a biological son. Their family is an example of a:

 

A)

polygamous family.

 

B)

nuclear family.

 

C)

blended family.

 

D)

traditional family.

 

10.

Compared with single-parent homes, two-parent homes usually have:

 

A)

higher moral values.

 

B)

higher income.

 

C)

fewer children.

 

D)

better discipline.

 

11.

The family stress model illustrates that:

 

A)

poverty itself is quite harmful to children.

 

B)

a high income can overcome the effects of stress.

 

C)

the parents' reaction to poverty is the crucial factor in family stress.

 

D)

children in most low-income families have inadequate food and clothing, causing stress to their parents.

 

12.

Ten-year-old Mary caught Anne, her best friend, lying to her own mom. Mary will probably:

 

A)

tell Anne's mother about the lie.

 

B)

keep quiet about it.

 

C)

no longer have Anne as a friend.

 

D)

go to her own mother about the lie.

 

13.

Liv is an extremely shy and anxious 8-year-old. Other children seem to dislike her. She appears to be a(n):

 

A)

aggressive-rejected child.

 

B)

controversial child.

 

C)

neglected child.

 

D)

withdrawn-rejected child.

 

14.

When children are able to understand social interactions, including the causes and consequences of behavior, they have acquired a measure of:

 

A)

concrete operational thought.

 

B)

reversibility.

 

C)

social cognition.

 

D)

self-control.

 

15.

Male bullies are often:

 

A)

smaller than average in size.

 

B)

above average in size.

 

C)

below average in verbal assertiveness.

 

D)

above average in verbal assertiveness.

 

16.

Girls who bully typically:

 

A)

use threats of force.

 

B)

mock and ridicule their victim.

 

C)

are larger than average in size.

 

D)

have older sisters who are aggressive.

 

17.

A common characteristic of bullies is that they:

 

A)

lack friends.

 

B)

are rejected by their peers.

 

C)

lack empathy.

 

D)

only bully during middle childhood.

 

18.

Lawrence Kohlberg built on the theories of ______ in his description of the stages of moral development.

 

A)

Sigmund Freud

 

B)

Jean Piaget

 

C)

Erik Erikson

 

D)

Carol Gilligan

 

19.

Preconventional morality involves:

 

A)

the careful consideration of all options.

 

B)

an emphasis on laws and social order.

 

C)

an emphasis on reward and punishment.

 

D)

trying to gain the approval of others.

 

20.

Carla is usually good because she is afraid that she will be punished if she isn't. Carla is in which level of Kohlberg's view of moral development?

 

A)

conventional

 

B)

preconventional

 

C)

premoral

 

D)

postconventional