Suffolk County Community College

 

PSY-210  Lifespan Psychology                                            Prof. R. Morse                                      

 

Berger 8th Ed. Ch 9 Practice Questions

 

The Multiple Choice questions that follow are taken from a Test Bank developed by Kathleen Stassen Berger, the author of our textbook.  The answers to these questions can be obtained by sending me an e-mail with your proposed answer key.  Some of these questions will appear on your Final exam.

1.

Preoperational intelligence differs from sensorimotor intelligence in that preoperational intelligence:

 

A)

goes beyond senses and motor skills.

 

B)

includes logical reasoning.

 

C)

is characterized by reversibility of thought.

 

D)

is comprised of simple abstractions.

 

2.

Generally speaking, which of the following best explains why young children have difficulty thinking logically?

 

A)

Their hypothalamus is not yet fully developed.

 

B)

Children in this age group are able to think logically, but since it is easier to centrate, they tend to focus on centration instead.

 

C)

Children in this age group tend to focus on single aspects of an object or situation.

 

D)

Their ability to perform reversible thought interferes with their ability to think logically.

 

3.

Jake's father is taking him to the barber for his first real haircut. At first, Jake is excited about his first trip to the barber, but as soon as the barber makes the first cut in his hair, he becomes very upset and tells his father to make the barber stop. In spite of his father's efforts to assure Jake that his hair will grow back, Jake is exhibiting the concept of:

 

A)

illogic.

 

B)

centration.

 

C)

egocentrism.

 

D)

irreversibility.

 

4.

Four-year-old Jon is sitting at the lunch counter next to his sister Erin. They are having hotdogs for lunch. Mom cuts Jon's hotdog into five pieces and Erin's into six pieces. Jon protests because “Erin has more than me!” Which of the following abilities does Jon not yet demonstrate?

 

A)

logic

 

B)

centration

 

C)

egocentrism

 

D)

conservation

 

5.

An experimenter lines up pairs of checkers into two identical rows. Then the experimenter elongates one of the rows by spacing the checkers farther apart. This is a classic test of:

 

A)

conservation of volume.

 

B)

conservation of area.

 

C)

conservation of number.

 

D)

conservation of matter.

 

6.

Ivan was playing under the kitchen table when he stood up suddenly and bumped his head. He pointed at the table and sternly said, “Naughty table!” This is an example of which of the following?

 

A)

egocentrism

 

B)

operational thinking

 

C)

autism

 

D)

animism

 

7.

According to Vygotsky, a child's usual teachers are:

 

A)

parents and teachers.

 

B)

teachers and classmates.

 

C)

parents and older siblings.

 

D)

teachers and older siblings.

 

8.

Which of the following is the best example of scaffolding?

 

A)

David helps his son build a model airplane by assembling it while his son watches.

 

B)

Howard and Priscilla buy a Wii for their 5-year-old daughter Rebecca. They set it up for her and then allow her to figure out how to turn it on and use the remote.

 

C)

Richard buys a do-it-yourself kite kit for his 6-year-old daughter Angela. He lays all of the pieces out for her and then allows her to read the instructions for herself.

 

D)

Miriam helps her son Ben make cookies. She measures all of the ingredients out and places them on the counter in small bowls. She reads the recipe aloud while simplifying it as Ben places the ingredients in the bowl and mixes them together with a spoon.

 

9.

Preschoolers use private speech to:

 

A)

communicate with anyone in hearing distance.

 

B)

communicate only with their best friends.

 

C)

explain events to themselves.

 

D)

communicate with siblings.

 

10.

Preschoolers have a tendency to try to make up a reason why things that they see and hear occur. This tendency is known as:

 

A)

reversibility.

 

B)

focus on appearances.

 

C)

theory-theory.

 

D)

logical reasoning.

 

11.

The youngest children to demonstrate theory of mind in experiments are age:

 

A)

4.

 

B)

5.

 

C)

7.

 

D)

9.

 

12.

One underlying factor allowing the development of theory of mind is:

 

A)

the simultaneous development of magical thinking.

 

B)

maturation of the prefrontal cortex.

 

C)

static reasoning.

 

D)

centration.

 

13.

What is the average sentence length for 3-year-olds?

 

A)

3–8 words

 

B)

5–20 words

 

C)

2–6 words

 

D)

unending

 

14.

A child's ability to add new vocabulary words very quickly is called:

 

A)

fast-mapping.

 

B)

word mapping.

 

C)

mental language.

 

D)

word charting.

 

15.

Because of fast mapping, a preschooler:

 

A)

needs several experiences with a word to learn it.

 

B)

grasps the meaning of words describing emotions.

 

C)

has a clear understanding of all the words he uses.

 

D)

learns some words after a single exposure to them.

 

16.

Children typically first use some rules of grammar:

 

A)

by age 3.

 

B)

by the time the child has a vocabulary of about 300 words.

 

C)

by the time the child has a vocabulary of about 600 words.

 

D)

by about age 5.

 

17.

The formation of overregularization in a child's speech patterns indicates:

 

A)

he or she is entering a sensitive period of language development.

 

B)

he or she is able to apply grammatical rules, although incorrectly, to her vocalizations.

 

C)

logical extension is now possible.

 

D)

fast-mapping has occurred.

 

18.

An example of overregularization is:

 

A)

“It's snowing so I can build a snowman.”

 

B)

“The moon looks happy tonight.”

 

C)

“He hitted me with the stick.”

 

D)

“Yesterday, I want to go to the park.”

 

19.

“I falled down and I hurted myself” is typical of a child when they first are learning grammar. This is an example of:

 

A)

overregularization.

 

B)

egocentrism.

 

C)

conservation.

 

D)

scaffolding.

 

20.

Four-year-old Graciela is a balanced bilingual. That means that she:

 

A)

speaks her native language fluently and speaks her second language with a slight accent.

 

B)

understands her native language and her second language but speaks only in her native language.

 

C)

speaks her native language and her second language both very well.

 

D)

understands her native language but speaks her second language more fluently.

 

21.

To find a good preschool, a parent should look for:

 

A)

a curriculum geared toward behavioral control; experienced teachers.

 

B)

teachers responsive to children's needs; low teacher-child ratios.

 

C)

a desk and a chair for each child; a curriculum geared toward cognitive development.

 

D)

experienced teachers; curriculum that teaches children as a whole group.