Suffolk County Community College

 

PSY-210  Lifespan Psychology                                            Prof. R. Morse                                      

 

Berger 8th Ed. Ch 7 Practice Questions

 

The Multiple Choice questions that follow are taken from a Test Bank developed by Kathleen Stassen Berger, the author of our textbook.  The answers to these questions can be obtained by sending me an e-mail with your proposed answer key.  Some of these questions will appear on your Final exam.

1.

The emotion of anger usually appears at the age of:

 

A)

1–2 months.

 

B)

2–4 months.

 

C)

4–8 months.

 

D)

8 months to 1 year.

 

2.

Which of the following emotions are apparent at birth?

 

A)

social smiles

 

B)

pleasure and pain

 

C)

embarrassed crying

 

D)

fear of strangers

 

3.

At 6 weeks, Jessica's most recent emotional reaction is likely to be:

 

A)

fear of strangers.

 

B)

a wide-eyed look of surprise.

 

C)

a social smile.

 

D)

a squeal of delight at her favorite toy.

 

4.

Typically, stranger wariness is first noticeable at:

 

A)

3 months.

 

B)

4 months.

 

C)

9 months.

 

D)

12 months.

 

5.

Researchers placed a dot of rouge on babies' noses and then had them look into a mirror. At what average age did most babies touch their noses when they saw their reflection?

 

A)

3 months

 

B)

6 months

 

C)

9 months

 

D)

18 months

 

6.

Which specific area of the cortex in the brain is responsible for emotional self-regulation?

 

A)

the prefrontal cortex

 

B)

the anterior cingulate gyrus

 

C)

the anterior frontal lobes

 

D)

the parietal lobes

 

7.

Regina is easily disturbed, unhappy, hard to distract, and emotionally tense. The New York Longitudinal Study researchers would say that Regina is:

 

A)

difficult.

 

B)

challenging.

 

C)

experiencing asynchrony.

 

D)

typical.

 

8.

According to the New York Longitudinal Study, infants' temperaments can be classified by what age?

 

A)

1 year

 

B)

3 months

 

C)

6 months

 

D)

1 month

 

9.

Leila's grandmother was so excited to see her for the first time that she rushed up, reached for her, and began to smother her with kisses. Unfortunately, Leila started to cry and turned away, but accepted her grandmother's approaches later in the day. Leila is most likely a(n):

 

A)

easy baby.

 

B)

difficult baby.

 

C)

slow-to-warm baby.

 

D)

baby who is hard to classify.

 

10.

Jan's mother calls him “high strung” because he is disturbed by even the slightest noise, very hard to distract, and extremely fussy. The New York Longitudinal Study would call him:

 

A)

slow-to-warm up.

 

B)

difficult.

 

C)

hard to classify.

 

D)

an extrovert.

 

11.

Freud claimed that during the anal stage:

 

A)

infants often find urinating and defecating to be quite painful.

 

B)

toilet training leads to positive mother-child interactions.

 

C)

there is pleasure in stimulating and controlling the bowels.

 

D)

the infant is striving to develop a sense of trust in the parents.

 

12.

Another name for self-rule is:

 

A)

governed.

 

B)

synchrony.

 

C)

autonomy.

 

D)

controlled.

 

13.

According to traditional behaviorism, personality is:

 

A)

molded by parents.

 

B)

due to nature.

 

C)

in the unconscious mind.

 

D)

unchangeable.

 

14.

Proximal parenting tends to produce children who are:

 

A)

self-aware.

 

B)

compliant.

 

C)

competitive.

 

D)

independent.

 

15.

A crucial aspect of synchrony is:

 

A)

infants observing adults.

 

B)

infants imitating adults.

 

C)

mutual interaction.

 

D)

unilateral imitation.

 

16.

In the research performed by Tronick & Weinberg, mothers were instructed to interact normally with their infants' facial expressions, and then on cue to show no emotional reaction at all. This procedure is called the:

 

A)

facial mimicking technique.

 

B)

emotional expression technique.

 

C)

still-face technique.

 

D)

social response technique.

 

17.

Which of the following is a sign of secure attachment?

 

A)

a child being willing to explore a new environment in the presence of the caregiver

 

B)

a child refusing to let other children play with his toys

 

C)

a child clinging to her mother in a new environment

 

D)

a child mimicking his mother's expressions in a familiar environment

 

18.

A 9-month-old explores new environments when her mother is present but shows distress when her mother leaves the room. The child's behavior illustrates:

 

A)

secure attachment.

 

B)

insecure-resistant attachment.

 

C)

insecure-avoidant attachment.

 

D)

disoriented and ambivalent attachment.

 

19.

Basically, the Strange Situation measures how a child:

 

A)

responds to a stranger.

 

B)

plays with a parent.

 

C)

plays with toys he or she has never seen before.

 

D)

responds to separations and reunions with a caregiver.

 

20.

Josh is 15 months old. His parents are happy in their marriage and financially stable. Most likely, Josh's attachment type will be:

 

A)

insecure-avoidant.

 

B)

secure.

 

C)

insecure-resistant/avoidant.

 

D)

disorganized.

 

21.

A baby searches the faces of her parents to see how to respond in unfamiliar situations. This is called:

 

A)

separation anxiety.

 

B)

social referencing.

 

C)

stranger anxiety.

 

D)

uncertainty checking.

 

22.

Compared with mothers, fathers are more likely to make their infants:

 

A)

cry less.

 

B)

laugh more.

 

C)

go to sleep.

 

D)

say “please.”

 

23.

When playing with their children, fathers are more likely than mothers to:

 

A)

read stories.

 

B)

engage in physical play.

 

C)

help them play with their toys.

 

D)

give them food.

 

24.

Which of the following statements best summarizes the results of a longitudinal study conducted by the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development regarding the advantages and disadvantages of day care?

 

A)

Children from low SES families gain a large cognitive advantage over other children in day care.

 

B)

While cognitive benefits are apparent, social benefits are questionable.

 

C)

Both social benefits and cognitive benefits are questionable.

 

D)

Children from high-income families fare better socially than children from low SES families.