Suffolk County Community College

 

PSY-210  Lifespan Psychology                                            Prof. R. Morse                                      

 

Berger 8th Ed.  Ch 4 Practice Questions

 

The Multiple Choice questions that follow are taken from a Test Bank developed by Kathleen Stassen Berger, the author of our textbook.  The answers to these questions can be obtained by sending me an e-mail with your proposed answer key.  Some of these questions will appear on your Final exam.

1.

The longest period of prenatal development is the:

 

A)

embryonic period.

 

B)

fetal period.

 

C)

first trimester.

 

D)

germinal period.

 

2.

About a week after conception, the outer layer of the multiplying cells forms a protective circle or shell that will become the:

 

A)

placenta.

 

B)

umbilical cord.

 

C)

vernix.

 

D)

infant.

 

3.

At what point after conception can a pregnancy be confirmed through blood or urine testing?

 

A)

the morning after conception

 

B)

57 days after conception

 

C)

one month after the woman's last menstrual period

 

D)

after implantation

 

4.

Full-term pregnancies typically last:

 

A)

32 weeks from the date of conception.

 

B)

34 weeks from the date of conception.

 

C)

36 weeks from the date of conception.

 

D)

38 weeks from the date of conception.

 

5.

What percentage of natural conceptions fail?

 

A)

10 percent

 

B)

40 percent

 

C)

60 percent

 

D)

70 percent

 

6.

The third period of gestation is the:

 

A)

zygotic period.

 

B)

embryonic period.

 

C)

germinal period.

 

D)

fetal period.

 

7.

The neural tube will become the:

 

A)

reproductive organs.

 

B)

intestinal tract.

 

C)

brain and spinal cord.

 

D)

backbone, legs, and arms.

 

8.

What happens to the brain during the fetal period of development?

 

A)

It goes through a process of degeneration.

 

B)

It becomes fully formed and functional.

 

C)

It increases in size by about six times.

 

D)

The number of neurons increase sixfold.

 

9.

In a normal birth, the action to trigger labor is initiated by:

 

A)

the mother.

 

B)

the fetal brain.

 

C)

the obstetrician.

 

D)

drugs given upon hospital arrival.

 

10.

The five vital signs that are evaluated in the Apgar are:

 

A)

the Babinski, Moro, stepping, swimming, and grasping reflexes.

 

B)

heart rate, breathing, muscle tone, color, and reflexes.

 

C)

cuddling, startling, irritability, vocal response, and visual response.

 

D)

sucking reflex, breathing reflex, size, weight, and disease symptoms.

 

11.

Which of the following demonstrates a major difference between the United States and the rest of the world in birthing practices?

 

A)

In most of the world, hospital deliveries are the norm, while in the U.S. approximately 10 percent of babies are born in birthing centers.

 

B)

In the U.S. only 1 percent of births take place at home, while home births are much more common worldwide.

 

C)

The U.S. has more babies delivered by midwives than any other country.

 

D)

More cesarean sections are performed in the U.S. than in any other country.

 

12.

Manuel is 12 months old and is showing signs of autism. Manuel's mother ingested various illegal drugs fairly frequently during her pregnancy. This might be an example of the effects of which of the following?

 

A)

infant drug withdrawal

 

B)

vaccination side effects

 

C)

behavioral teratogens

 

D)

functional teratogens

 

13.

The science of weighing the potential effects of a particular event, substance, or experience is called:

 

A)

behavioral analysis.

 

B)

risk analysis.

 

C)

teratology.

 

D)

timing of exposure.

 

14.

Some teratogens are harmless until they reach a certain level of exposure; they then become dangerous, thus demonstrating the:

 

A)

critical period effect.

 

B)

threshold effect.

 

C)

fetal teratogen effect.

 

D)

interaction effect.

 

15.

Dizyotic twins exposed to the same teratogens during pregnancy may experience:

 

A)

enhanced bonding due to shared trauma.

 

B)

different effects of the teratogens.

 

C)

no effects of the teratogens since the twins protect each other.

 

D)

amplified effects of the teratogens since there are two fetuses.

 

16.

Since 1996, neural-tube defects have decreased by over 25 percent in the United States and Canada. No decrease has occurred in Europe. What is the reason for the decrease in the United States and Canada?

 

A)

Environmental changes in climate are responsible.

 

B)

Physicians routinely check for neural-tube defects at birth, thus causing the decrease.

 

C)

Cereals and breads in the United States and Canada are now fortified with folic acid.

 

D)

Europeans are genetically predisposed to neural-tube defects.

 

17.

The best policy regarding prescription drugs during pregnancy is:

 

A)

avoid taking any medicines, because all do serious damage.

 

B)

prescription drugs are safe because they have to pass strict FDA testing.

 

C)

take drugs only if medically necessary, prescribed by a knowledgeable doctor.

 

D)

drugs are safe when taken in low doses for short periods of time.

 

18.

A distorted face with small eyes, mental retardation, and hyperactivity are all symptoms of:

 

A)

fetal alcohol syndrome.

 

B)

syphilis.

 

C)

HIV infection.

 

D)

cerebral palsy.

 

19.

Jose and Maria are expecting their first child. Maria's blood tests show low levels of alpha-fetoprotein. Maria's doctor is recommending an ultrasound to rule out what condition?

 

A)

FAS

 

B)

cystic fibrosis

 

C)

Down Syndrome

 

D)

CP

 

20.

Which of the following is the most prevalent cause of SGA infants?

 

A)

marijuana

 

B)

cocaine

 

C)

tobacco

 

D)

alcohol

 

21.

Which of the following demonstrates the Babinski reflex?

 

A)

An infant performs walking movements when held upright with his feet touching the floor.

 

B)

An infant's toes fan upward when her foot is stroked.

 

C)

An infant flings his arms outward when startled.

 

D)

An infant turns her head and starts sucking when her cheek is stroked.

 

22.

When infants turn their heads and suck in response to a touch on the cheek, they are demonstrating the:

 

A)

Moro reflex.

 

B)

rooting reflex.

 

C)

sucking reflex.

 

D)

Babinski reflex.

 

23.

The reflex that allows newborns to grip so tightly is the:

 

A)

Moro reflex.

 

B)

rooting reflex.

 

C)

Babinski reflex.

 

D)

Palmer grasping reflex.

 

24.

When newborns are held horizontally on their stomachs, their arms and legs stretch out. This response is known as the:

 

A)

flying motor skill.

 

B)

swimming reflex.

 

C)

Moro reflex.

 

D)

Babinski reflex.

 

25.

Kyoto's daughter is five days old. Kyoto is feeling sad and inadequate. She may be experiencing:

 

A)

postpartum depression.

 

B)

isolette.

 

C)

vernix.

 

D)

postnatal anoxia.