Suffolk County Community College

 

PSY-210  Lifespan Psychology                                            Prof. R. Morse                                      

 

Berger 8th Ed. Ch 2 Practice Questions

 

The Multiple Choice questions that follow are taken from a Test Bank developed by Kathleen Stassen Berger, the author of our textbook.  The answers to these questions can be obtained by sending me an e-mail with your proposed answer key.  Some of these questions will appear on your Final exam.

1.

Freud believed that all people experience ______ related to various parts of their bodies.

 

A)

aggressive tendencies

 

B)

sensual satisfactions

 

C)

needs for self-control

 

D)

hidden fears

 

2.

Katie's 9-month-old son Jason sucks and chews on just about everything he finds—toys, books, fingers, and so forth. According to psychoanalytic theory, Jason is in the:

 

A)

oral stage.

 

B)

sensorimotor stage.

 

C)

attachment stage.

 

D)

anal stage.

 

3.

Joseph always dates women who are at least ten years older than he is. Which of the following might Freud propose as an explanation for Joseph's attraction to older women?

 

A)

Joseph has developed an oral fixation.

 

B)

Joseph's parents probably did not apply appropriate potty training.

 

C)

As a child, Joseph had an unhealthy relationship with his siblings.

 

D)

Joseph is stuck in the phallic stage of development.

 

4.

In Erikson's psychosocial theory, resolutions to developmental crises depend on the interaction between the individual and:

 

A)

her genetic predisposition.

 

B)

the social environment.

 

C)

her ability to learn from experience.

 

D)

the area of the body where sexual urges are centered.

 

5.

According to Freud, sexual needs are relatively quiet during which stage of development?

 

A)

toddlerhood

 

B)

latency

 

C)

adulthood

 

D)

infancy

 

6.

The psychosocial stage that occurs at the same time as Freud's anal stage is:

 

A)

industry vs. inferiority.

 

B)

initiative vs. guilt.

 

C)

autonomy vs. shame and doubt.

 

D)

trust vs. mistrust.

 

7.

According to Erikson, an infant must resolve the crisis of:

 

A)

industry vs. inferiority.

 

B)

trust vs. mistrust.

 

C)

autonomy vs. shame and doubt.

 

D)

independence vs. dependence.

 

8.

In the industry vs. inferiority stage, children try to:

 

A)

become accepted by important others.

 

B)

figure out who they are.

 

C)

master new skills.

 

D)

become toilet trained.

 

9.

A 9-year-old girl learning to be competent at school would be in Erikson's psychosocial stage of:

 

A)

industry vs. inferiority.

 

B)

identity vs. role confusion.

 

C)

autonomy vs. shame and doubt.

 

D)

integrity vs. despair.

 

10.

Pavlov's dogs salivated at the sound of the bell because they:

 

A)

were rewarded with a pat on the back each time they salivated on command.

 

B)

learned to associate the bell with food.

 

C)

learned to enjoy the music of the bell.

 

D)

believed the bell was food.

 

11.

In operant conditioning, an organism learns that:

 

A)

a neutral stimulus is associated with a meaningful stimulus.

 

B)

punishment always follows a reinforcer.

 

C)

classically conditioned responses are learned for life.

 

D)

a particular behavior usually produces a particular consequence.

 

12.

A dog learns to “shake paws” on command because it has been given dog biscuits for doing so. This is an example of:

 

A)

classical conditioning.

 

B)

operant conditioning.

 

C)

cognitive conditioning.

 

D)

stimulus conditioning.

 

13.

In operant conditioning, punishment has what effect on an individual's behavior?

 

A)

makes the behavior more likely to reoccur

 

B)

makes the behavior less likely to reoccur

 

C)

ensures that the behavior will completely disappear

 

D)

causes an individual to think harder about his or her behavior

 

14.

What did Harlow's research demonstrate about infants' attachments to their mothers?

 

A)

They are based on food supply.

 

B)

They rarely occur naturally.

 

C)

They are based on comfort and touch.

 

D)

They are genetically programmed.

 

15.

Which of the following best summarizes the beginnings of Piaget's study of cognitive development in children?

 

A)

He was asked to develop an achievement test for French schoolchildren.

 

B)

He was asked to analyze questions for a standardized IQ test.

 

C)

He was asked to do a field study on the behavioral characteristics of young children at play.

 

D)

He was intrigued by the differences in behaviors between his own children and children whom he observed on the playground.

 

16.

During which of Piaget's stages do children begin to express their internal experience in terms of symbols such as speaking?

 

A)

sensorimotor

 

B)

preoperational

 

C)

formal operational

 

D)

concrete operational

 

17.

According to Piaget, two types of adaptation are:

 

A)

object permanence and decentering.

 

B)

concrete and formal operations.

 

C)

equilibrium and disequilibrium.

 

D)

assimilation and accommodation.

 

18.

When we adjust our old ways of thinking in order to include new information, Piaget calls this process:

 

A)

synchrony.

 

B)

assimilation.

 

C)

accommodation.

 

D)

equilibration.

 

19.

Which of the following is an example of guided participation?

 

A)

A boy helps his younger brother build a sand castle on the beach.

 

B)

A father reads from an instruction manual while his daughter assembles her bicycle.

 

C)

A teacher lectures about global warming.

 

D)

A mother bakes cupcakes for her daughter's school party.

 

20.

In Vygotsky's idea of social apprenticeship, a mentor draws the child into a zone of:

 

A)

possibilities.

 

B)

distal development.

 

C)

proximal development.

 

D)

potentiality.

 

21.

When considering all of the grand and newer theories, which one of the following statements best summarizes their application and usefulness?

 

A)

All of the grand and newer theories have strengths and weaknesses. No one theory is applicable across all behaviors.

 

B)

While the grand theories have been proven to be useful over time, the newer theories require further study before we can assess their value.

 

C)

Virtually all of the theories proposed so far have been useful only to provide the framework for ongoing research.

 

D)

Research developmentalists are finding the newer theories to be far more applicable to modern-day behaviors than the grand theories.

 

22.

A researcher in human development who takes an eclectic approach:

 

A)

emphasizes the role of ecosystems.

 

B)

believes that social learning is the best descriptor of human behavior.

 

C)

uses parts of several theories rather than sticking to one particular theory.

 

D)

does not use any theories.