The syllabus says: "EXTRA CREDIT. So-called "extra credit" assignments will only be considered when it appears likely that the student will receive a "D+" or less for the course. The extra credit assignment (which can be found on my website) should be submitted on the day of the final exam PRIOR TO the actual exam.  It will only be graded in the event that the student's final grade is computed as "D+" or less, and, if it has been satisfactorily completed, the student's grade will be upgraded to nothing higher than a "C."  "

I want to be clear about this, because nothing comes up as often as this subject near the end of the semester;  NO!  You CANNOT get an "A" (or a "B" or a "B+") with extra credit.  If you want a high grade, improve your study habits (I will be glad to provide suggestiosn if you wish)!!  Extra credit is for those students who, for whatever reason, need that extra opportunity to score in the middle of the bell curve.  To give extra credit for any other reason would be grossly unfair to the students who have applied themselves and exerted great effort to earn a high grade.  I know some of you will tell me that you "usually get 'A's'" or that you believe you "deserve an 'A'," or that your whole future is going up in smoke if you don't get an "A."  If these statements are true, you should set up a rigorous and well organized method of studying at the very beginning of the semester, and you should have no problem.  

Therefore: the following essay questions are for extra credit only.  You should submit an essay for extra credit only if you feel that it is likely that, after completing the final exam, your final grade for the course will be “D+” or less (less than 70).  If so, complete ONE of the following essays and submit it to me at the final exam, and prior to taking the final exam.   The essay will not be accepted before or after that specific event.  It will not be graded unless the computation of the your final grade results in a grade of less than 70.  If this is so, the essay will be graded on a pass/fail basis.  If it is passed, you will be awarded a half letter grade (i.e. a “D+” will become a “C”; “D” will become a “D+”, etc.)  In instances where the essay is exceptional, a maximum of a full letter grade may be awarded.  In no event will extra credit permit a student to earn a final grade higher than a “C”.  The instructor’s decision in the matter is final and not open to discussion or negotiation. Essays discovered to have been plagiarized will result in a grade of “F” being awarded for the entire course.

Read each of the following essay questions, then choose and answer one of them.  Submit your work to me when you arrive to take the final exam.  DO NOT ANSWER MORE THAN ONE QUESTION.

Be sure your answer restates the question.  Answer in your own words. Quotations are permitted, but should not be overused.  They must be clearly identified and credited. Quotations are NOT required - in fact they are discouraged. You may need to research your answer in other sources.  If you do, be sure to cite them.

Correct spelling and grammatical usage are required.  Work not meeting a college level of competence may be eliminated from consideration.

All essays MUST be submitted in double spaced, typewritten form. Do not exceed the word limit of 500 words minimum and 750 words maximum. (Each double spaced page contains about 250 words.) Each page of your work should have your name on it.  Use ONE staple to hold your pages together and do not use any type of document jacket.  Do not use all capital letters.

1. Describe the similarities and differences between the developmental theories of Sigmund Freud and Erik Erikson. Briefly describe the research each used to support his theory.

2. Describe the experiments performed by Harry Harlow and his associates with rhesus monkey infants.  Explore the implications of this research.  Which approaches to human development does this research tend to support or rule out?

3. Describe how the intelligence test was developed, providing specifics as to persons and dates. Explain the  reasons for controversy over these tests over the years.  In your answer be sure to include the “formula” for intelligence, and define the concepts of standardization, reliability and validity.